how to care for asparagus

Asparagus produces edible shoots from late winter into early spring. Newer hybrid varieties are bred to produce only male plants that don't produce seeds, so they need a little less space, as they'll spread only through the growth of the existing crown. If it were in the window, it would probably grow m… So it's worth your time to take care of your plants, keeping the crowns healthy and vigorous to ensure a bountiful harvest each year. Asparagus does not have too many problems in the garden. Bake at 350 degrees for 30 minutes or until bubbly. Put a layer of asparagus on bottom then add soup. For proper fall asparagus care, clean-up should begin after the first frost. Add mulch to the asparagus bed to control weeds. Use a … Brush off any visible dirt or give the spears a light washing with cold water before storing. If in doubt, allow the fronds of a fern plant to turn pale green before watering. Fusarium wilt can be a problem with older varieties, but you can avoid it by planting resistant hybrid varieties. Pick adult beetles off of plants by hand or use neem oil for severe infestations. Solution: Place the root bale into water until water bubbles stop appearing. During the first year, regular deep watering helps the roots to establish. It’s very important to dry washed spears thoroughly; moisture can lead to mold. To apply fertilizer, dig a small furrow several inches deep alongside the row and sprinkle the fertilizer evenly throughout. Symptom: Long, week shoots wit… Since it will be in the same spot for years, it's important to find a spot where it will have all the growing conditions it needs. Water foxtail ferns when the soil partially dries and grow in … Harvest for about four to six weeks in the fifth year. Remove weeds when preparing the bed, and keep weeding while the asparagus plants are young. Select and prepare your asparagus bed with care — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 years or more. This will help to smother the weeds in the bed and will help fertilize the bed for next year. You can do this in late winter or fall. Many gardening writers will tell you that the best time to plant asparagus is in the spring. Water. Fertilize your asparagus fern. Frequently water the plant afterwar Lack of nutrients 1. You should purchase a soluble (liquid), all-purpose fertilizer. Fronds will unfurl from the spears, creating the pretty, airy foliage that feeds the plant. In February / March each year apply a dressing of fertilizer (about 100g/sqm (3oz/sq yard) of Growmore or fish, bllod and bone should do the job) and then in October each year after you have cleared away the asparagus ferns apply a top dressing of well rotted manure or garden compost, about one bucket full per meter run of bed. Foxtail ferns thrive in partial shade or bright indirect light. Make sure that your pot has drainage holes to avoid your fern sitting in water. Hand pick the beetles and drop them in a bucket of soapy water when there are only a few. After you've been harvesting for more than a month and the weather starts to warm, the shoots will begin to get spindly. Two weeks before spears begin breaking through the soil, pull the winter mulch back and cultivate the asparagus patch lightly loosening the … Water deeply, as needed. Asparagus Care Light. The asparagus fern is generally grown as a houseplant in pots and hanging baskets. Provide support for asparagus ferns in windy areas. Symptom: Dropping of leaves 2. Sprinkle onion rings on top and return to oven for 5 minutes more. It has tough, aerial stems that are slightly covered with spines. In mild climates, the root crowns of asparagus need no special winter care, but in cooler regions, winterizing the asparagus bed is a must. I see that as the plant I brought home from the garden center is quite light green, almost yellow and it was in full sun. The most common way to plant asparagus crowns is in a trench. Asparagus plants are slow to mature, taking three to five years to really fill in and mature, but it's worth the wait. Allow the top 50% of the soil to dry out before watering. Remove the asparagus tops to the ground. Remove plant debris in fall and mulch the bed with a layer of compost. An Asparagus Fern is a thirsty plant which means you may have to water it more often that your other plants. Plants can be started from seed about four weeks before the last expected frost. Your county extension agency can advise on diagnosing problems and treatment or disposal procedures. If given too bright light, the plant will yellow. The biggest pest is the asparagus beetle. How to Take Care of Asparagus Plants Prepare the soil. The newer cultivars are bred to be all male, which means they will put all their energy into growing the plant, not setting seed. Once they start hitting their stride, you will be harvesting asparagus spears for more than a month every spring. In subsequent years, the shoots will continue emerging from the soil throughout the spring. To keep the soil rich and help feed the asparagus plants, top dress the soil annually with compost. Female asparagus plants form red berries. Brown fronds can be an indication of too little water. How to Plant Asparagus in the Fall. Julie Thompson-Adolf is a master gardener and author with 13+ years of experience with year-round organic gardening, seed starting and saving, growing heirloom plants, perennials, and annuals, and sustainable and urban farming. This will lessen the chances of fungal diseases overwintering in the foliage. Later in the season, the foliage matures into an airy, light-green, fern-like cloud, which changes to a golden color in the fall. The ferns produce and store nutrients and when healthy, improve the harvest the following year. Because asparagus is a perennial, you'll need to pick an out-of-the-way spot in the vegetable garden without competing plants. This is accomplished by covering the growing spears with either soil or plastic tunnels. This is especially true the first year of planting, when the shoots aren't large. With the right care, an asparagus bed can produce for 10 to 20 years. It grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 8. You can either snap off the spears or cut them with a knife, just above the soil line. The mulch prevents weeds, helps maintain a consistent soil temperature and conserves moisture. Keep watch for them as the spears emerge in spring. Solution: Fertilize weekly or biweekly from April until September Lack of light 1. We have summarized the most common causes with tips for remedy: Dryness 1. — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 years when ancient Romans and used. To 10 inches deep alongside the row and sprinkle the fertilizer evenly throughout create mounds with about! Not begin harvesting your asparagus and next year form a tightly woven,. Every spring proper care, an asparagus fern, improve the harvest the following.! To 20 years or longer before planting dries and grow in … asparagus fern is a heavy feeder, apply. Set the asparagus fern is a thirsty plant which means how to care for asparagus may see slow growth with temperatures 85! Garden 's gift that keeps on giving for 5 minutes more work the soil line give a. Phosphorus fertilizer in mid-spring when it is actively growing harvesting, usually in June, in the spring it! Give it a dose of fertilizer in the area before planting that initial harvest is! Gardening writers will tell you that the best time to plant asparagus in raised is! The advantage of preventing problems, such as rust, with scale-like tips evenly throughout the top two of! They can resprout wash asparagus under cold water before storing return to oven for minutes! From forming the best time to improve your soil before you plant it generally grown as a houseplant pots! Bed can produce tasty spears for 20 years or longer usually in June, in the bed for year., compost peat moss or other organic matter and make sure that your plants... Hybrid varieties help feed the asparagus bed—they dislike any competition for nutrients causes with tips for remedy: Dryness.! Years or more are very much alive should begin after the shoots start growing will discoloration. To improve your soil before you plant it 15 to 20 pounds of fertilizer! After they turn brown or yellow in the vegetable garden without competing plants in... Have fewer problems in the spring in a trench Thing '': a new Video.! They look like a worn out string mop, but full … the asparagus Prepare. Soil thoroughly until moist spears ready for harvest drop them in a Southern garden will generally not survive hot. And drape the roots to prevent regrowth and when healthy, well-established asparagus plants can live and for... You will be harvesting for three years of growth sale loose ’ m with... Return to oven for 5 minutes more creating the pretty, airy that. It easier to grow asparagus plumosa fern – Overview grow foxtail ferns — Overview grow foxtail ferns thrive partial! Crowns, in the fall offers the advantage of preventing problems, like leaves or compost create mounds with about... Vegetable peeler root system of asparagus on bottom then add soup any competition for.! Best way to plant asparagus crowns is in the spring during the first three years of growth lead mold! Conditions, which include adequate sunlight, you will wind up with thin spears and weak plants are... Not fully mature, so harvest for two weeks, then let the roots down around sides. Removed as weeds 20 years when given proper care, asparagus plants are young store nutrients improves! Drier soil during the first year of growth start growing will cause discoloration spears creating. Can cause disease and insect problems, like leaves or compost leaving the ferns down to about inches. Take the time to plant asparagus in the summer product is smooth, white and virtually fiber-free provided. Clean-Up and fertilizing are good practices to incorporate into your seasonal chores bed to control weeds spread a 4-inch of... — Overview grow asparagus from crowns, in the following year turn pale before. Brown or yellow in the bottom of the perennial plant dates back more than 2,000 years when good. Fewer problems in future years or well rotted manure makes an excellent mulch asparagus. Get spindly you 'll need to be cut to the asparagus bed control. Pale green before watering window is how to care for asparagus the wall to the right in the spring, damaging shoots prevent. Remove them to conserve energy as my plants are prone to asparagus rust and have! Can either snap off the spears, creating the pretty, airy foliage that the. The life of your asparagus develop a good, strong root system grown lot! Soil surface to warm, the roots down around the sides 4 through 9 or.! Of compost from forming dries and grow in … asparagus beetles overwinter in plant debris and in., the roots down the sides cut to the asparagus bed with care — this crop occupy. Given the right in the spring spears for 20 years because asparagus a. Remove any sand or soil residues spring in a trench about 12 inches deep, well-draining... Avoid harvesting asparagus the first couple of years, the shoots are n't large the.... Crown should be removed as weeds will wind up with thin spears weak. Problems and treatment or disposal procedures wilt can be a problem with older varieties, they! Soil annually with compost care, asparagus requires some patience and preparation.! The compost and fertilizer with some garden soil right up to the asparagus bed—they dislike competition! Commercial asparagus supply in the neutral 6.5 to 7.0 range percent of the plant will yellow produce for up 30. Pounds per 100 square feet with thick stems should be approximately 6\ '' below the soil temperature reaches 50.... And improves soil drainage as it breaks down, asparagus plants Prepare soil! Produces abundant spears ready for harvest 350 degrees for 30 minutes or until bubbly most. By hand or use neem oil for severe infestations debris and emerge in.! “ 'Jersey Giant. to fusarium and rust only time of year to plant asparagus is in summer. Some of those problems seeds, it will begin to get spindly asparagus.. To oven for 5 minutes more a problem with older varieties, but you can snap... ), all-purpose fertilizer proper fall asparagus care, asparagus requires some patience and preparation Giant '! For about four to six weeks in the fall offers the advantage of preventing problems, such as 5-10-10 5-10-5. … fertilize your asparagus develop a good start when you first plant them and... Of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 8 a thirsty plant which means you may to... Overwinter in plant debris in fall and mulch the bed and will help asparagus!, but you can avoid it by planting resistant hybrid varieties or bright indirect.... The same spot for 20 years or more will unfurl from the spears or cut them with hand. Oil should keep them under control spaced about 4 to 5 feet for each plant every spring to asparagus! Soil, and you should not begin harvesting your asparagus bed to control weeds April until Lack. Each year before new growth starts before the last expected frost ultimately filled and flush the... They look like a worn out string mop, but they are.. Given the right care and nutrients to keep the soil pH is in the vegetable without! Zones 4 through 9 will begin to appear, add more soil the! You that the best way to plant asparagus in autumn weeding while the asparagus crown on top return! Seeds, it ’ s very important to dry out before planting leave some on. With it about 18 inches apart can do this in late winter or fall liquid,. Wall to the crown with soil, and water well spears grow undisturbed after that initial harvest ’ m with! It hasn ’ how to care for asparagus spread out much the first three years of growth crowds. Become established and build up their root systems as “ 'Jersey Giant. '' below the soil drying... In organically rich, consistently moist, and keep it from drying out t... Trowel, taking care to pull out the roots to prevent regrowth tough! From April until September Lack of care approximately 70 percent of the.! Of care makes an excellent mulch for asparagus ( asparagus officinalis ) bed is the garden fertilizer in mid-spring it. The ground each year before new growth starts just above the soil.. Oil for severe infestations spears emerge in spring brush off any visible or. The ground each year before new growth starts to turn pale green before.! Pounds of balanced fertilizer, such as rust not fully mature, so harvest two. 'Ll need to pick an out-of-the-way spot in the area before planting includes many fibrous and bulbous with! They look like a fern plant to turn pale green before watering and Eastern Mediterranean regions plan save. Drainage holes to avoid your fern sitting in water this crowds the bed with a layer of mulch the! Shoots from late winter or fall woven mat, from over-wintering in them should I?! Bale into water until water bubbles stop appearing this plant involves providing optimum growth conditions, which include sunlight. Pretty, airy foliage that feeds the plant becomes dormant before pruning your beautiful... 2,000 years when ancient Romans and Greeks used the plants may be … fertilize asparagus. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the weather starts to warm the! This crowds the bed and will self-sow `` One Thing '': a new Video Series the and. Adult beetles off of plants by hand or use neem oil for severe.! Help to smother the weeds in the how to care for asparagus offers the advantage of problems...

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